evolutionary theory

evolutionary theory
1) биол. эволюционизм, эволюционная теория (предложенное Ч. Дарвином объяснение формирования, развития и многообразия видов организмов с помощью законов изменчивости, наследственности, естественного отбора и борьбы за существование)
2) cоц. эволюционная теория (объяснение формирования и развития общества в целом и его элементов с использованием принципов биологической эволюции Ч. Дарвина)

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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  • Evolutionary theory and the political left — have had a sometimes wary relationship with one another. Some on the political left, especially Marxists and communists, have been critical of aspects of the theory of evolution by natural selection (Darwinism). Some of this opposition appears… …   Wikipedia

  • evolutionary theory — noun a) Any of several theories that have evolved over time b) The theory of evolution …   Wiktionary

  • evolutionary theory — evolutionism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • The Structure of Evolutionary Theory — Infobox Book name =The Structure of Evolutionary Theory author =Stephen Jay Gould genre =Non fiction, Science publisher =Belknap Press release date =March 21, 2002 pages =1,433 isbn =ISBN 0 674 00613 5 preceded by =The Lying Stones of Marrakech… …   Wikipedia

  • Social effect of evolutionary theory — The social effects of evolutionary thought have been considerable. As the scientific explanation of life s diversity has developed, it has often displaced alternative, sometimes very widely held, explanations. Because the theory of evolution… …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition by Judaism to evolutionary theory — In the Jewish global community, some Haredi rabbis have remained staunchly opposed to certain teachings in evolutionary theory. In contrast with the literalist biblical interpretation of some Christian creationists, they express an openness to… …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary psychology — (EP) attempts to explain mental and psychological traits such as memory, perception, or language as adaptations, that is, as the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection. Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms,… …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary developmental biology — (evolution of development or informally, evo devo) is a field of biology that compares the developmental processes of different animals and plants in an attempt to determine the ancestral relationship between organisms and how developmental… …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary epistemology — refers to two distinct topics: it is a subfield of naturalized epistemology as well as a theory in epistemology about the growth of knowledge. A branch of naturalized epistemology Evolutionary epistemology is a branch of epistemology that applies …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary linguistics — is the scientific study of the origins and development of language. The main challenge in this research is the lack of empirical data: spoken language leaves no traces. This led to an abandonment of the field for more than a century [for about 12 …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary logic — is the idea that logical rules can be reduced to biology. It is a theory of rationality in which rational and logical rules emerged for pragmatic reasons, and are therefore not special laws. The formal systems of logic have ordinarily been… …   Wikipedia

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